What is hyperpigmentation?
The term “hyperpigmentation” is on everyone’s lips right now! But what is it exactly? Hyperpigmentation is a cluster of pigments in the skin, which ends up creating spots, more or less large, and of varying shapes. Although generally harmless to our health, hyperpigmentation can be unsightly, and become a source of complexes in some people.
THE ROLE OF MELANIN
Melanin plays a major role in determining skin color, pigmentation! It gives you your tan during the summer, giving you some protection against ultraviolet rays. When cells are full of melanin, they color the outer layer of the skin and gradually disappear during normal cell renewal. But when pockets of pigment build up on the skin, they can be difficult to remove.
DIFFERENT FORMS OF HYPERPIGMENTATION
Among the different forms of pigmentations, we can count melasma (also called pregnancy mask), which appears in the form of spots concentrated on certain parts of the face. Lentigos, age-related hyperpigmentation brown spots, affect areas frequently exposed to the sun.
Whatever the spots, several factors can be involved apart from the aging of the skin, skin lightening treatments exist and can help to reduce them.
THE CAUSES OF HYPERPIGMENTATION
In summary, here are the main causes of skin hyperpigmentation
In addition, the risk of hyperpigmentation increases with the aging of the cells and generally occurs in areas more exposed to the sun over time (face, neck, hands, etc.). The sun and age are therefore the main factors in pigment spots. We speak indifferently of “solar lentigo” or “senile lentigo”. Lentigo affects 90% of white people over 50. All skin types are affected.
Everyone likes to have a healthy glow for as long as possible in the year. The problem is that some melanocytes – cells that pigment the skin – continue to secrete melanin, even long after exposure to the sun.
You will understand, the best way to protect yourself from hyperpigmentation is to protect yourself from the sun as much as possible! That is to say, apply high sun protection every day (yes, even when the weather is not sunny!).